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Why Soap is Needed
Cleaners are an essential ingredient in today’s mechanized world. Our bodies’ used clothes, toys, furniture, and other daily-use items are constantly getting dirty. This dirt is injurious to health as it reduces the color, beauty, and durability of the product. All the things that are used to clean the dirt deposited on the body, clothes, and goods are called cleaning products. Since ancient times, people have been using various natural products, such as soil or the fruits of various plants, as cleansers. With the development of civilization, the demand, quality, and preparation methods of these cleaning products are getting better and easier.
Basic ingredients for making cleaners
The use of soap as a cleaner dates back a long time. The quality of soap is gradually improving, keeping pace with modern civilization. The main ingredients for making this soap are:
- Fats or tallows, such as various animal fats, vegetable oils, animal oils, etc.
- alkali, e.g., caustic soda or potash.
- Various chemicals, such as sodium bicarbonate, sodium silicate, and trisodium phosphate etc.
- Different types of fragrances and dyes.
Detergents are specially prepared from synthetic materials. Various raw materials are used to manufacture these synthetic materials. For example, petroleum by-products, soap ingredients, vegetable and animal fats, etc. The chemical industry has made it possible to produce a variety of synthetic cleaners. Each of these again has different elements and chemical compounds. In addition, detergents contain fragrances, dyes, and sometimes disinfectants.
Types of Soap
Soaps are available on the market under different names or in different shapes or forms. But all these soaps are mainly divided into hard soaps and soft soaps.
Hard soap is prepared by reacting with caustic soda. Some of the soaps available on the market are briefly discussed.
This soap is prepared by combining vegetable oils, perfumes, and disinfectants. This soap is called “cosmetic” or “toilet” soap as it is used in bathing and our daily activities. This soap is very soft and does not harm our skin. Sometimes these soaps are made more pleasant by using light dyes.
The soap used for washing clothes is called laundry soap. This soap does not contain vegetable oil. This soap is usually prepared with fat and caustic soda. It usually does not contain fragrances or disinfectants but may contain dyes. This soap is better than toilet soap.
This soap is prepared with caustic potash. This soap uses extra stearic acid. This makes the soap softer, and the lather lasts longer. This soap is marketed in tubes.
There are many brands of soap powder available on the market today. This soap is obtained in powder form by passing hot soap through two steel rollers during soap preparation. One of the two rollers is short and hot, and the other is thick and relatively cool. As a result, a thin layer of soap is deposited on the second roller. This thin layer is mechanically lifted from the rollers and dried in an automated dryer. This is how powdered soap is obtained. This soap is also called flake soap.
The use of soap grains as a cleaning product has increased. During soap making, the thick solution of soap that becomes a paste is taken to a special machine called a crucible. From this machine, the soap solution is lifted from the top of a drying tower. Hot air flows from the opposite direction. As the liquid soap falls from the top of the tower, it dries, and when the activate reaches the bottom of the tower, it turns into small grains of soap. With the help of a sieve, fine and coarse grains are separated, and the grains of the same size are packed. This is how we get different types of soap grains on the market.
In our country, liquid soap is currently in circulation. The method for making this soap is very simple. All that is needed is a special solvent that will keep the soap in a liquid state. This solvent is mixed with the soap lye to liquefy the soap and bottle it.
Soap Price in Bangladesh
|PAX MOLY Aloe Vera Soap||৳ 199|